i-base

H

high level resistance

high level resistance – when an HIV drug no longer works against the virus.

HSV

HSV – Herpes Simplex Virus. HSV-1 is the virus mainly associated with cold sores on your lips or faces. HSV-2 is the virus mainly associated with genital herpes. The viruses are very similar.

HIV transmission

HIV transmission is when the virus passes from one person to another. When this is from mother to baby it is called mother-to-child transmission (MTCT), perinatal or vertical transmission. Children who become HIV-positive in this way are called vertically infected children

HIV PCR DNA test

HIV PCR DNA test – a test that looks for HIV DNA (called integrated HIV) in blood. This is similar to viral load test which usually test for HIV RNA.

Hickman line

Hickman line – a fixed central line that is used to deliver IV drugs close to where they are needed in the body.

HHV-8

HHV-8 – Human Herpes Virus-8. The virus associated with Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS). Also called Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV).

hepatitis

hepatitis – an infection that causes liver inflammation, usually a virus.

Hodgkins disease

Hodgkins disease (HD) – a type of lymphoma (lymph cancer). Cancer: lymphoma and sarcoma

haemoglobin

haemoglobin – substance in red blood cells that carries oxygen.

half-life (T1/2)

half-life (T1/2) the time taken a drug to clear from the highest concentration to half this level. Drugs have different half-lives in different compartments (ie half-life in blood can be different from the half-life inside a cell). It take 5 …

half-life (T1/2)

half-life (T1/2) – the time taken a drug to clear from the highest concentration to half this level. Drugs have different half-lives in different compartments (ie half-life in blood can be different from the half-life inside a cell). It take …

hepatotoxicity

hepatotoxicity – the medical term for liver-related side effects

hepatic

hepatic – relating to the liver, ie hepatitis = liver inflamation, hepatocyte = liver cell etc.

hepatic encephalopathy

hepatic encephalopathy – brain disease that occurs when serious liver damage prevents toxic substances from being flitered out of the blood, and they enter the brain. See encephalopathy.

HAART

HAART – a common term for HIV combination therapy, an acronym for Highly Active AntiRetroviral Treatment.

HPV (human papillomavirus)

HPV (human papillomavirus) – a family of viruses associated with cervical cancer and anal cancer and genital warts.

HAV

HAV – hepatitis A, a virus that causes liver disease. Hepatitis A.

HCV

HCV – hepatitis C, a virus that causes liver disease. Guide to HIV and hepatitis C coinfection.

HBV

HBV – hepatitis B, a virus that causes liver disease. Hepatitis B.

haematology

haematology – study (-ology) of blood (haema-)

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