HTB

Dolutegravir/lamivudine approved as dual HIV combination in EU

Simon Collins, HIV i-Base

On 3 July 2019, dolutegravir/lamivudine was approved as a two-drug fixed dose combination (FDC) in the EU. [1]

This follows approval in the US in April 2019. [2]

DTG/3TC is a once-daily combination that can be taken with or without food.

The indication is for treatment-naive adults who do not have drug resistance to either of these two drugs and approval is based on results of the phase 3 GEMINI 1 and 2 studies that were presented at the IAS conference last year. [3, 4]

The approval includes a boxed warning for management of patients coinfected with hepatitis B (HBV). All patients should be tested for HBV before starting DTG/3TC and additional treatment for HBV should be used.

There is also a caution for women to avoid dolutegravir during conception and in early pregnancy, due to a risk of neural tube defects.

Dolutegravir/3TC is manufactured by ViiV Healthcare and is marketed with the tradename Dovato.

For full details see the full product characteristics. [5]

Reference

  1. ViiV press statement. ViiV Healthcare receives EU Marketing Authorisation for Dovato (dolutegravir/lamivudine), a new once-daily, single-pill, two-drug regimen for the treatment of HIV-1 infection. (03 July 2019).
    https://www.gsk.com/en-gb/media/press-releases/viiv-healthcare-receives-eu-marketing-authorisation-for-dovato-dolutegravirlamivudine-a-new-once-daily-single-pill-two-drug-regimen-for-the-treatment-of-hiv-1-infection/
  2. FDA announcement list serve. FDA approves first two-drug complete regimen for HIV-infected patients who have never received antiretroviral treatment. (8 April 2019).
    https://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm635526.htm
  3. Cahn P et al. Non-inferior efficacy of dolutegravir (DTG) plus lamivudine (3TC) versus DTG plus tenofovir/emtricitabine (TDF/FTC) fixed-dose combination in antiretroviral treatment-naïve adults with HIV-1 infection – 48-week results from the GEMINI studies. AIDS 2018, 23-27 July 2018, Amsterdam. Late breaker oral abstract TUAB0106LB.
    http://programme.aids2018.org/Abstract/Abstract/13210 (abstract)
    https://youtu.be/pgmb1Fi63Fo?t=3642 (webcast)
  4. Collins S. DTG/3TC dual therapy is non-inferior to triple-ART in GEMINI study. HTB August 2018.
    http://i-base.info/htb/34647
  5. ViiV Healthcare. US prescribing information for Dovato. (8 April 2019).
    https://www.gsksource.com/pharma/content/dam/GlaxoSmithKline/US/en/Prescribing_Information/Dovato/pdf/DOVATO-PI-PIL.PDF (pdf)

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