HIV i-Base

Selected words and phrases

natural history – the pattern a disease follows if it is not treated. The natural history of HIV includes very high viral load in the first weeks or months of infection (seroconversion), a drop in CD4 counts that then recovers, and then a slower progressive increase in viral load and decrease in CD4 count, that eventually lead to opportunistic infections.

Natural history graph and more details.

internal fetal labour monitoring - where an electrode is inserted through the vagina and placed on the baby’s scalp to record the baby’s heart rate during labour.

lipoatrophy – fat loss in your arms, legs or face. Lipoatrophy is a type of lipodystrophy.

lactic acidosis – dangerous build up of lactate in the blood.