HIV i-Base

Selected words and phrases

In utero is within the uterus or womb before the onset of labour.

salvage therapy – a term for the combination therapy used after someone has developed resistance to three or more classes of HIV drugs. Also called ‘third-line’ or ‘rescue therapy’ or ‘treatment of patients with multidrug resistance’.

cryptococcus (crypto) – a fungal infection. Can cause meningitis.

ARV – a drug that works against a retrovirus, eg treatment for HIV. See: antiretroviral.