HIV i-Base

Selected words and phrases

insulin – a hormone that helps the body turn sugar into energy. Low insulin sensitivity is when the body uses insulin less well than usual (this is also called insulin resistance).

antibiotic – drug used to treat bacterial infections. Sometimes they work against other kinds of infection.

foetoplacental circulation is the blood supply in the foetus and placenta.

bDNA – branched DNA. A type of viral load test.

integrase inhibitor – a type of HIV drug that stops HIV genetic material from ‘integrating’ into the DNA in a cell. This is a relatively new family of HIV drugs.  Raltegravir is the only approved integrase inhibitor. Other integrase inhibitors in development include elvitegravir and GSK572.