HIV i-Base

Selected words and phrases

active – an active drug is a drug that still works to reduce viral load. The virus is still sensitive to that drug.

CART – combination anti-retroviral therapy.

bacteria – single-cell micro-organisms without a nucleus.

fibrosis – mild to moderate scarring of the liver (see cirrhosis)

STARHS – this is a type of HIV test that can indicate whether you are likely to have been infected within the last six months. STARHS stands for Serological Testing Algorithm for Recent HIV Seroconversion. In the UK this test is now called RITA (Recent Infection Treatment Algorithm).