HIV i-Base

Selected words and phrases

acute infection – early infection (first few months with HIV).

informed consent – a document that every person who participates in research is required to sign before entering the study. It outlines the details of a the study, including the known risks and benefits or any intervention. It also explains what is required during the study in terms of additional tests and clinic visits.

bacteria – single-cell micro-organisms without a nucleus.

fungus (fungi) – parasitic organisms that include moulds, mildews, mushrooms and yeast.

biopsy – taking a small sample of body tissue for examination and testing in the laboratory.