HIV i-Base

Selected words and phrases

nanotechnology – science working with tiny particles at the level of manipulating individual molecules. This is an exciting field of medicine. Drugs developed with nanotechnology would need much lower drug doses (hopefully cheaper and having fewer side effects) and would be longer lasting (perhaps being taken every2–4 weeks).

postpartum refers to the time after a baby is born. Postpartum refers to the mother.

See: antepartum and intrapartum.

portal hypertension – increased blood pressure (hypertension) in the vein carrying blood to the liver.

informed consent – a document that every person who participates in research is required to sign before entering the study. It outlines the details of a the study, including the known risks and benefits or any intervention. It also explains what is required during the study in terms of additional tests and clinic visits.