This guide includes information about the most important aspects of HIV treatment. It is written and reviewed by HIV positive people and it uses everyday language to explain medical terms.
Current edition April 2013.
- What is combination therapy?
- Do the drugs really work?
- Does everyone need treatment?
- CD4 and viral load: two essential blood tests
- Your CD4 count and the risk of becoming ill
- How do the drugs work?
- How long will the drugs work?
- Can I take a break in my treatment?
- Does treatment always work?
- Can I change treatments?
- Should I enter a study?
- What about alcohol and recreational drugs?
- What is ‘treatment-naive’?
- What else do I need to know?
- Are the drugs a cure?
- Is age an important factor in adults?
- Age, HIV drugs and heart disease
- Are recommendations the same for men and women?
- What about treatment in pregnancy?
- How do children use HIV treatment?
- When should I start treatment?
- CD4 count and guidelines
- Early diagnosis and primary infection
- Using treatment at higher CD4 counts: the START trial
- Average CD4 increases by starting CD4 count
- Late diagnosis and low CD4s
- What about side effects?
- The most common side effects
- Lipodystrophy and metabolic changes
- Other side effects
- Adherence and why it is so important
- Adherence tips
- What if I forget to take my pills?
- Adherence diary
- What is resistance?
- How do I avoid resistance?
- A missed or late dose increases the risk of resistance
- What is the best combination?
- Main types of HIV drugs
- HIV lifecycle – how drugs work in different ways
- First combination
- The two nukes…
- Choice of the third drug
- Efavirenz – an NNRTI
- Boosted PIs: atazanavir or darunavir
- Integrase inhibitors
- Alternative first-line options
- Non-standard approaches
- Other meds that are sometimes used
- Antiretroviral drugs: illustrated pill chart
Design by No Days Off. Funding thanks to The Monument Trust.
Not-for-profit copying is encouraged or call for additional free copies.
Information about how we produced this guide and the importance of direct and easy to understand language.
This includes information on how to write non technical medical information that may be useful as a resource for other organisations.
1 April 2013