References and further information

The following links are included as references for further information.

HIV training manual for advocates

A free online training course in nine chapters.

Treatment guidelines

UK guidelines

The British HIV Association (BHIVA) has produced an extensive range of HIV guidelines.

Other guidelines

Other guidelines including for Europe (EACS), the US (DHHS) and the World Health Organization (WHO).

Drug interactions

A comprehensive web site for interactions with HIV drugs is run by Liverpool University.

The same group run a similar site for interactions with hepatitis C drugs.

Selected research links

START study

This large study showed the benefits of ART even at very high CD4 counts.

PARTNER and PARTNER 2 studies 

This study showed how effectively ART reduces HIV transmission. No partners became HIV positive after almost 900 couples had sex 58,000 times without condoms, when VL was undetectable. PARTNER 2 included gay male couples having sex more than 76,000 times with no transmissions.

Cure research

The International AIDS Society (IAS) publishes the Towards a Cure report.

Viral rebound after long-term ART

Single case of very early ART. After ten years HIV was only in 1 out of 1.7 billion CD4 cells. After stopping ART, viral load still rebounded.

Chun T-W et al. AIDS 2010. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0b013e328340a239.

No rebound after long-term ART

The people in the VISCONTI cohort started ART in early infection. When they stopped ART after several years, viral load did not rebound. This is not common. Sáez-Cirión A et al. PLOS Pathogens, 2013. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1003211.s

Last updated: 27 May 2019.