Q and A


What do my results mean?

My viral load is 34500,and CD 4 is 485, what is wrong?


Thanks for getting in touch.

For me to be able to help. I’m going to need more info. Are you on treatment? If you are, how long have you been on it for? What is your viral load and CD4 history?


  1. Eric M

    Hello..Does anyone on medication(ARVs Tenofovir,lemivudine,efavirenz) for 6 month was undetected?..

  2. Lisa Thorley

    Hi Eric,

    When someone starts ARVs their viral load should become undetectable within 1-3 months of starting meds. It doesn’t matter what the combination is. To know for sure you’d need to have a viral load test.

  3. Roy Trevelion

    Hi Raja,

    Please see this Q&A for all info about HIV tests and window periods.

    Please also see this new guide to HIV testing and the risk of sexual transmission:

  4. Raja

    Hi sir recently I got tested on Elisa 0.35 after 14 days is it negative should I do test once again plz help

  5. Lisa Thorley

    Hi Eric,

    No you can’t transmit, as there’s no risk.

  6. Eric M

    Sorry Lisa…am askin what if am undetectable can i transmit HIV to my negative partner by my body fluid contact to her/his sores or open wound

  7. Lisa Thorley

    Hi Eric,

    You aren’t at risk because the person who you’ve been having sex with has their HIV under control. Please see here: http://i-base.info/u-equals-u/

  8. Eric M

    I was on relationship with for 6 month now with girl who have HIV without knowing her status,later she told me that she was on medication since 2016,,but we have sex as much for that all 6 month coz i was not knowin…but she told me that was good on medication and last viral load was 10 copies and health care giver congrat her for maintaining that viral load,,,am too worried now,,can i get infected?

  9. Lisa Thorley

    Hi Joy,

    Yes you are undetectable. You’re undetectable because you have a viral load of less that 50, this is excellent.

  10. Joy

    My viral load is 40 my cd4 is 850 this means I am undetectable


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