HTB

Changes in taste and smell as symptoms of COVID-19

Simon Collins, HIV i-Base

On 20 April 2020, based on accumulated evidence, the i-Base Q&A service included information about changes and taste being a common symptom of COVID-19. [1]

Early anecdotal reports in the US also included taste and smell changes and this was now supported by a published study that confirmed these as symptoms. [2]

The US study reported that smell and taste loss were reported in 68% (40/59) and 71% (42/59) of people who had COVID-19, respectively. This compared to only 16% (33/203) and 17% (35/203) of people that did not have COVID-19. People reporting smell and taste changes were about ten times more likely to have COVID-19.

Two other studies have reported more details. [3, 4]

The letter in JAMA reported that taste and smell changes occurred in about 1 in 3 people with coronavirus. Also, that this could occur at any time – ie before or after other symptoms. In a few people (about 3%) this was the only symptom of coronavirus.

Approximately a month later the UK government also added changes in taste and smell as key symptoms that would enable someone to test for COVID-19. [5]

Other papers have since confirmed these symptoms as common. [6]

References

  1. i-Base Q&A. Are taste and smell changes common with COVID-19?
    http://i-base.info/qa/15688
  2. Yan CH et al. Association of chemosensory dysfunction and Covid-19 in patients presenting with influenza-like symptoms. International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology, 2020; DOI: 10.1002/alr.22579.
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32279441
  3. Giacomelli  A  et al.  Self-reported olfactory and taste disorders in SARS-CoV-2 patients: a cross-sectional study.  Clin Infect Dis. 2020;ciaa330. Published online March 26, 2020. doi:10.1093/cid/ciaa330. (26 March 2020).
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciaa330
  4. Spinato G et al. Alterations in smell or taste in mildly symptomatic outpatients with SARS-CoV-2 infection. JAMA, research letter. (22 April 2020).
    https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2765183
  5. gov.uk. Everyone in the United Kingdom with symptoms now eligible for coronavirus tests (18 May 2020)
    https://www.gov.uk/government/news/everyone-in-the-united-kingdom-with-symptoms-now-eligible-for-coronavirus-tests
  6. Mercante G et al. Prevalence of taste and smell dysfunction in coronavirus disease 2019. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. DOI:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.1155. (18 June 2020).
    https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamaotolaryngology/fullarticle/2767510 

Links to other websites are current at date of posting but not maintained.