Q and A


Can HIV positive people increase muscle mass?

Does being HIV positive mean it is harder to build muscle mass as a recent study said that T cells might be involved in muscle damage repair? 

I know people who trained before getting infected generally have an easier time getting back their lost muscles because of muscle memory but my question is what about those who never trained before and only started consistent resistance training after getting infected and have no muscle memory to rely on?

I’m assuming the immune cells would be too busy fighting HIV and therefore muscle repair would be hindered?

Or do ARVs do most of the heavy lifting of fighting the virus so it does not hinder immune cells ability to synthesize muscles given adequate protein nutrition? 



Before there was effective HIV treatment, many people focussed on building muscle mass to help with long-term health.

With modern HIV drugs though, exercise goals are should not be any different for HIV positive compared to HIV negative people.

Whatever your personal exercise goals, it is good to get advice from a fitness training who can help develop an exercie programme that is right for you.

This link has more information about exercise and staying active:


  1. Roy Trevelion

    Hi Klass,

    People who are HIV positive are able do any type of job. So they can, and do, work to support their families. And with modern HIV treatment (ART) they don’t always get sick.

    People taking ART can now have a life expectancy similar to someone who is HIV negative.

    Please see more Q&As on this subject at this link.

  2. Klaas

    What type of job should HIV people do can they work for their families or they will always get sick


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