Q and A

Question

I’m 6 months pregnant. Is it safe to delay starting treatment?

I am 6 months pregnant and have just tested positive. My CD4 count is 256. I have to start now.

I didn’t get much info as I thought I am doing it for my baby but I find it difficult to deal with the fact that I have developed AIDS, and have to start treatment.

My question is, will it be dangerous for me to delay taking the treatment for myself and only take the one for the baby. Since I think it was my emotional state that made my CD to be low.

I am very healthy and eat well. Please advise.

Answer

Firstly, congratulations on your pregnancy.

I am sorry about your recent HIV diagnosis. I can appreciate that it cannot be easy dealing with a diagnosis during pregnancy and then knowing that you need to start taking treatment straight away. Can I ask if your doctor has put you in contact with support groups for people living with HIV? Many women find it helpful sharing experiences and coping with being HIV positive and pregnant.

Technically, a CD4 count of 256 doe not mean you have ‘AIDS’ as the US defines this as being less than 200, but it does mean starting treatment is very important.

Your doctor is giving you good advice. Starting treatment (ART) straight away is important.

The WHO (World Health Organisation) guidelines recommends all HIV positive pregnant women start ART. This is regardless of the CD4 count. These meds will be good for your health and good for your baby. The meds should get your viral load to undetectable befire your baby is born. Sometimes this takes longer than three months.

Viral load refers to the amount of virus in your body. An undetectable viral load (below 50 copies) means that there is very little virus in your body and is therefore the best way of preventing transmission to the baby.

Continuing ART afterwards is also recommended, but should be discussed with your doctor. As your CD4 count is 256, it is better to continue taking treatment after the baby is born.

The good news is that ART should increase your CD4 count. Although sometimes if you start taking treatment in pregnancy your CD4 count may not increase very much. If  this happens, don’t worry, your CD4 count will catch up after the baby is born. For more information on HIV and pregnancy, please follow this link to our guide to  HIV, pregnancy and women’s health. The guide also answers a lot of general questions about HIV and pregnancy.

It is good that you eat well and lead a healthy lifestyle. Avoiding stress, eating a balanced diet and taking exercise are all good for your general health and well being. However, this will not necessarily increase your CD4 count. ARVs are the only proven way of increasing and maintaining a good CD4 count.

As you are based in South Africa, you may find it useful to contact TAC (Treatment Action Campaign). They will be able to put you in contact with support groups near you. You may also find it useful to read TAC’s guide to Pregnancy in our lives.

Good luck for the rest of your pregnancy.

Note: This answer was updated in February 2018 from a question first posted online in April 2012.

150 comments

  1. Lisa Thorley

    Hi Nelly,

    In the UK its rountean to have an HIV test in the first trimester of a pregnancy. That will be the only one, this is unless a woman is diagnosed as positive when pregnant, they’d then have a conformation HIV test.

  2. Nelly

    How many HIV tests are done during pregnancy?

  3. Roy Trevelion

    Hi Palesa,

    I’ve put both your comments together in this one, I hope that’s okay.

    It’s great that you’ve started HIV treatment (ART). This is the best way to protect your health and your baby’s health. The benefits of ART are not just to your own health. Treating your HIV will reduce the risk of your baby becoming HIV positive to almost zero.

    It’s great that you’re going to the antenatal clinic. Starting ART is not too early. But can you talk to them about it. Getting their support during your pregnancy can really help.

    Here’s the guide to HIV, pregnancy and women’s health.

  4. Palesa

    Good afternoon
    I’m 5 months pregnant and just got diagnosed with HIV. I offen forget to take pills about 2 days so will I pass the virus to my unborn child?
    I’m 19 weeks pregnant my first pregnancy and I started antenatal clinic for treatments. Is it not too early?

  5. Lisa Thorley

    Hi Khanyisa,

    Yes it is possible that a woman when diagnosed late in pregnancy can still have a negative child. You will however need to have specialist care. If your viral load is detectable you’ll need to have a C-section and your baby is going to need to be formula fed. Importantly you’re going to need to be on ARVs. Please see here: http://i-base.info/guides/pregnancy

  6. Khanyisa

    I’m 8 months pregnant just found out that I’m HIV positive, is there a possibility that my baby will be negetive ?

  7. Lisa Thorley

    Hi Anonymous,

    If you think that there is less movement from your baby you’re going to need to see a doctor about this. You being on meds won’t be the reason why this is happening.

  8. Anonymous

    I’m 6 months pregnant and just find out that I’m Hiv n I gave started treatment so I find it difficult for me cause after 3 hours of taking it I feel week, hot on my foot, my baby is not playing the way she used to its difficult to get outside of the the bad but in the morning I feel better until 10am after 10am I’m fine but my baby she’s not playing the way she used to it worries me what can be the problem please help

  9. Lisa Thorley

    Hi Sandy,

    This will all depend on where it is that you live. When will you be back home?

  10. Sindy

    My arcs are about to finish in 2 days an am far from home can I get my medications in another clinic

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