How can I find out if I have HIV-2?
Hi. Could you please provide any information on HIV-1 and HIV-2 dual infection?
I have previously been diagnosed with HIV-1 and on treatment with Efavirenz/Kivexa (abacavir+3TC). For 6 years I have had an undetectable viral load.
How can I test for HIV-2 after recently visiting the Ivory Coast and having unprotected anal sex with several African men?
What are the complications, treatment and prognosis for someone with dual HIV-1 and HIV-2 infection? Thank you in anticipation.
Thank-you for your email. It’s important to talk to your doctor about your concerns.
S/he will be able to run a test to check if you have both HIV-1 and HIV-2.
The prognosis for somebody with dual infection is the same as for somebody with HIV-1. There is a difference in treatment though, because some ARVs are not active against HIV-2. These include all NNRTIs (such as efavirenz and nevirapine) and some PIs such as atazanavir.
Therefore it’s important to raise this with your doctor to make sure that the treatment you are taking is as effective as possible.