What do my test results mean?
Hi, today I got new reports for my mother who is HIV positive:
CD4 t-helper cells: 10.5
Absolute CD4 lymphocyte: 226
CD8 suppressor cells: 67.1
Absolute CD8 lymphocyte: 442
CD4/CD8 ratio: 0.16
She started ART 4 months ago and this is new report. Can you please help me understand this?
Hi, how are you and your mother doing?
The most important results here are the CD4 absolute count. The rest can be used clinically but not offer much in terms of understanding your mothers health.
CD4 count measures how healthy your immune system is. In an HIV negative person this would be expected to be between 430 and 1690. Your mothers is 226. This means that her immune system is not as healthy as it could be. Do you know what it started at when she was diagnosed? Often CD4 counts go up when on ART but it is a slow process and can take over a year to get back to a healthy range. Is she on any other medication while her CD4 count is at this level like an antibiotic?
Because CD4 count is an absolute count, it is not very helpful in one instance. The result needs to be taken at several points (e.g., every few months). This helps identify a trend and how your mothers immune response is dealing with HIV and her treatment.
If you have another question please ask,