Treatment training manual

5. 1-5.2 Introduction and aims

5.1 Introduction

Section 5 is about the most common opportunistic infections and coinfections related to HIV.

Opportunistic Infections (OIs) are illnesses that your body can not fight because HIV has damaged your immune system.

5.2 Aims for this section

After reading section 5, you will know the main symptoms and ways to prevent or treat the following infections.

  • Candida and other skin problems.
  • Gut infections: giardia, cryptosporidia, microsporidia.
  • PCP.
  • TB.
  • MAI and MAC.
  • Hepatitis B and C.
  • CMV (cytomegalovirus).
  • Toxoplasmosis.
  • Cryptococcal meningitis.
  • Cancer: lymphoma and sarcoma, including NHL, KS.
  • Wasting and weight loss.
  • Malaria.

Last updated: 1 January 2023.