Treatment training manual

2. 1 and 2.2 – Introduction and aims

2.1 Introduction

Section 2 provides information about HIV as a virus. What kind of infection is HIV? What happens after you are infected? How is the HIV monitored?

2.2 Aims for this section

After reading section 2, advocates will have a basic understanding of:

  • The definition of HIV.
  • The difference between different causes of illness: viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites.
  • Viral load in early and chronic infection and the natural history of HIV.
  • The impact of coinfections on viral load.
  • Viral load tests and their accuracy.
  • Viral load in relation to whether or not you are taking HIV treatment (ART).
  • The HIV viral life cycle.
  • A basic theory of resistance.
  • CD4 count and viral load graphs and how to superimpose them.

Last updated: 1 January 2016.