2. 1 and 2.2 – Introduction and aims
Section 2 provides information about HIV as a virus. What kind of infection is HIV? What happens after you are infected? How is the HIV monitored?
2.2 Aims for this section
After reading section 2, advocates will have a basic understanding of:
- The definition of HIV.
- The difference between different causes of illness: viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites.
- Viral load in early and chronic infection and the natural history of HIV.
- The impact of coinfections on viral load.
- Viral load tests and their accuracy.
- Viral load in relation to whether or not you are taking HIV treatment (ART).
- The HIV viral life cycle.
- A basic theory of resistance.
- CD4 count and viral load graphs and how to superimpose them.
Last updated: 1 January 2016.