Q and A

Question

How can my partner test HIV positive and I test HIV negative?

I went to test HIV with my partner.

I found out that she is positive and I was negative. After six months i went back I tested negative.

Please help as I don’t understand.

Answer

First. maybe check that your partners positive HIV test was checked by a lab. Some rapid tests, need a positive result to be confirmed. This is because of the small chance of a false-positive result.

Even if your partner is positive, it is common for one person in a couple to test positive and the other negative. This can happen even if they have been having unprotected sex.

This is mostly just luck. Over time, most people will catch HIV if they continue to have sex without a condom.

Even though you have not caught HIV so far, you can still catch HIV in the future. Genetics may explain some cases of protection, but most are just down to luck and chance.

Now you know your partners HIV status, you can still stay together and have sex safely. You can prevent infection by using condoms when having sex and not sharing needles or blood products with your partner.

The risk of transmission will also drops dramatically if and when your partner uses HIV treatment. The PARTNER study reported that HIV is very difficult to catch if their partner has an undetectable viral load.

Note: This answer from June 2011 was updated in October 2014.


Information on this website is provided by treatment advocates and offered as a guide only. Decisions about your treatment should always be taken in consultation with your doctor.

116 comments

  1. Hi,
    It is common for one partner in a relationship to test positive and the other negative. You can read the answer to the question above for more information.

  2. I’m negative and my partner is positive. We have been married for five years without using protection even now im still negative.

  3. Can a positive person who is on a treatment inpragnate a negative person without transmitting the virus?

  4. Hi Entle,

    it is common for one partner in a relationship to test positive and for one to test negative. You can find more information by reading the answer above.

  5. We were having unprotected sex even while i am menstruating and i tested positive and i was sick but he testestd negative is is posible?

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